Container-grown trees and trees that are regularly pruned will not get anywhere near that tall. If your bay is hit by a light frost, the leaves will probably turn brown and dry. Long, slender leaves and compact habit. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Discover RHS expert help and advice on growing, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. (1988) p 90 Parts Shown: Leaf Photo. Phone: 503.231.5050 Bay is also a traditional component of the French bouquet garni herbs. Laurus nobilis - 'Angustifolia' (Willow Leaf Bay): Bay is tough fast growing evergreen tree that will tolerate a wide range of soil types, prefering a location in full sun but will tolerate part shade. The Latin name, Laurus nobilis, means praise and nobility. If you want to grow your bay tree in the ground, identify a warm microclimate in your yard. Provide as much light as possible for plants grown indoors for the winter, and let the soil dry fairly well between waterings. Outdoors, grow in full sun and very well-drained soil. Yearly Events | However, you may have trouble keeping your indoor bay tree from drying out in the low humidity of your home. Bay plants are dioecious, meaning male and female flowers occur on separate plants, and each are needed to produce fruit and seed. It’s an essential foliage plant for herb gardens, its leaves commonly used in curries and as part of a bouquet garni. Scale can sometimes become a problem and there are moths that will lay their eggs between two leaves and sort of fuse them together with a cottony fluff. Handy Brochures. Locations | Bay makes a popular container plant that can live for decades. For container-planted bay, a regular feeding schedule is essential, although it’s still important not to over-fertilize. Cultivated around the Mediterranean since at least Roman times, Laurus nobilis (Bay Laurel) is a slow-growing, evergreen shrub or small tree of densely pyramidal-oval habit. Even leaves that dry and fall off the tree are still fragrant and usable. Purchasing potted bay from the Nursery is by far the easiest and most reliable source of plants! For garden purposes, it is often pruned to 8’ tall or less. Powdery mildew is sometimes an issue. The oval leaves can be 5 to 6 inches in length and are a mild to olive green color on the upper surface and lighter below with the new growth and leaf petioles tinged red. In ancient Greece, one of the highest honors one could receive was a wreath made from bay. long (10 cm). Ground bay leaf is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth in medicinal amounts, short-term. Horticulture Week. Effect of Laurus nobilis L. Essential Oil and its Main Components on α-glucosidase and Reactive Oxygen Species Scavenging Activity. Since bay is slow-growing, it doesn’t require a great deal of food. Though it is native to the rocky shores of the Mediterranean, bay is surprisingly easy to grow in the Pacific Northwest. For the most part, the bay is pest-free. Laurus nobilis: Bay Laurel A plant of much renown and lore, bay is an essential culinary herb with a long history. Find specific plants with our Plant Finder & Plant Selector. Bay trees can take decades to become mature enough to flower. Because bay is a very slow grower, it can be grown as an ornamental and it is even better suited to growing in a pot. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Trees. Bay is also a traditional component of the French bouquet garni herbs. Laurus nobilis is among Boething Treeland Farms’ most popular trees. Bremness, Lesley. Maintenance: Bay plants are not heavy feeders, but an application of organic all-purpose or tree/shrub fertilizer in spring and again in midsummer will keep your in-ground plant healthy and happy. Laurus nobilis, commonly called bay laurel, is native to the Mediterranean. It is often used to deter pests from other plants and in the pantry. It is prized for its aromatic, narrowly ovate, leathery leaves, up to 4 in. In extreme cases, prune to about 6 inches and allow new shoots to form from the base. Laurus nobilis ‘Angustifolia’ – This variety has leaves that are more narrow than the common type, which makes it even better as an ornamental addition to the garden. There are other plants that go by the common names of bay and sweet bay and these are not necessarily edible. To keep your potted bay tree portable, keep it pruned to no taller than 5 to 6 feet. Laurus nobilis standard/stems en spiral Laurus nobilis 'Angustifolia' Laurus nobilis 'Bay Junior' Muses of Alloro - "Let's be inspired" More information about the "Muses of Alloro", lauriervariety's who's inspire you, Thalia is more coldhardy, Polyhymnia is better for Topiary,.. Our mail order delivery service is running as normal. Bay roots are very shallow, and frequent watering may be necessary during dry spells. Bay Laurel is commonly known as Laurus nobilis or Sweet Bay. When it signals trouble by dropping a few leaves, use the leaves in cooking and begin misting the tree regularly with water. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, Bay tree, bay laurel, laurel tree, sweet bay, true laurel, laurel. In cooler areas, bring it indoors for the winter. Situating the plant in a very sunny location, pruning out crowded branches to promote air circulation, and letting soil dry between waterings usually takes care of any mildew. It is native to the Mediterranean region and is used as bay leaf for seasoning in cooking. Amend heavy soils with plenty of compost, and add pumice to increase drainage. Classes | Even today, bay remains a symbol of victory and honor (think of the words baccalaureate, or poet laureate). New growth is bright gold. Indoor plants may be affected by scale. In ancient Greece, one of the highest honors one could receive was a wreath made from bay. Laurus 'Saratoga' (Saratoga bay laurel) grows 25-30 ft tall and nearly as wide. Laurus nobilis 'Angustifolia' Plant Citations. Bay can be a bit frost-tender (it will suffer if temperatures fall too far below freezing, and may die in more severe cold), and does not prefer soggy soils, but if precautions are taken against frost and soil is amended to promote good drainage, bay is a care-free plant. Several cultivars have been selected, including: 'Aurea', with yellowish young foliage; 'Angustifolia' (also called willow-leaf bay), with narrow lance-shaped leaves; and 'Undulata' with wavy leaf margins. Although bay can grow into a tall tree, it is often kept smaller by pruning or by confining it in a container. If you see two bay leaves stuck together with a cottony substance, peel them apart and destroy any caterpillars you find. Slender, upright form grows slowly and gracefully into a small pyramidal tree, ideal for topiary. Often the tree will recover on its own, the following spring. If you see two leaves that appear to be stuck together, gently peel them apart and remove the eggs or larva. Home | Location. Keep the plant away from direct heat sources, and mist leaves occasionally. Plants in containers need some supplemental fertilizer. Use a balanced organic fertilizer about three times a year: in spring, summer, and early fall for best results. Situate the plant in a warm spot, such as near a south-facing wall, and protect from the wind. Propagation: Bay can be propagated by digging up rooted suckers that occur either naturally or from layering. If you grow your bay tree indoors, keep it near a sunny window for the winter. Together with a gold form, L. nobilis 'Aurea' and a willow-leaved form L. nobilis f. angustifolia, it has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Form & Character: Seldom seen evergreen large shrub to tree, formal, stiff, dense, often cone-like in form. San Luis Obispo Botanical Garden, 3450 Dairy Creek Road, San Luis Obispo, CA, 93405, United States 805.541.1400, TAX ID 77-0248682 805.541.1400, TAX ID 77-0248682 Native to the Mediterranean, the bay tree is well known for its culinary use, often added to soups and stews. It is a pyramidal, aromatic, evergreen tree or large shrub that grows to as much as 60’ tall, but is usually seen much smaller (10-30’ tall). Bay is only hardy in USDA hardiness zones 8 through 10. This vigorous plant has the attributes of bay laurel (Laurus nobilis) but is a smaller with a more open habit and larger more rounded and lighter colored leaves. Common Name: Bay laurel, sweet bay, culinary bay. 5050 SE Stark, Portland, OR 97215, Portland Nursery on Division A 24-inch pot should be fine for a 4- to 6-foot tree. Use caution when weeding or cultivating around the base of the tree. $8.99 $ 8. They make attractive houseplants but they benefit from some summer sun. In the spring, sweet bay has small yellow flowers that develop into purple berries in the fall. You can prune as much or as little as you like, to keep the tree small or to create a topiary artwork. Laurus nobilis L.Bay Laurel (Laurus angustifolia, Laurus aurea, Laurus officinale, Laurus undulata) Other Common Names: Bay, Bay Tree, Cooking Bay, Laurel, Grecian Laurel, Greek Laurel, Sweet Bay, … Genus Laurus are dioecious evergreen trees or large shrubs, with leathery aromatic leaves, and small yellow flowers followed on female plants by black berries Details L. nobilis f. angustifolia is an evergreen shrub or small tree, to around 8m tall, with aromatic foliage useful in cooking. The leaves are said to repel pantry moths when placed in cupboards. Laurus nobilis ‘Angustifolia’ has long willowy leaves with a slight wave to the edge of the leaf adding to its aesthetic qualities. The plant Laurus nobilis (family Lauraceae) is widely cultivated in many regions of the world where it is used primarily as a culinary herb now but in its native Mediterranean it was also used medicinally and culturally. But be advised that some people find sweet bay to be a skin irritant. Outdoor plants require full sun to partial shade. Laurus nobilis - 'Bay Leaf Tree' - Bay Laurel or Sweet Bay - Live Plant. In spring, yellow buds appear, opening to clusters of fluffy yellow flowers, adding a lovely contrast amongst the foliage. Bay is commonly pruned to keep its size in check and/or create a more ornamental tree. 3.8 out of 5 stars 356. If left unpruned, bay trees can grow 60 feet tall. Portland Nursery on Stark Golden-leaf bay. It’s very important that you grow only plants labeled Laurus nobilis if you plan to use the leaves for cooking and eating. Can be pruned yearly to limit the size if required. As a seasoning, dried leaves are broken or crumbled into cooking foods and allowed to permeate the dish. It has attractive foliage and can easily be pruned and sheared into topiary shapes. Laurus nobilis piramides. Outdoors, certain moths occasionally lay eggs between leaves, and the larvae can chew holes, though outbreaks are not usually bad enough to greatly disfigure the plant. Composition of essential oils of Laurus nobilis, L. nobilis var. Avoid exposure to both drafts and heat from appliances. Willow Leaf Bay (Laurus nobilis “angustifolia”) (Conventional) $ 15.00. Landscape Use: Background, screen, espalier, medicinal and culinary herb. There are only a few varieties of bay available, but they are all evergreen and good for culinary use. A robust sweet bay with wavy-edged, emerald green leaves. It can easily be pruned into a bushy shrub, small tree, or even a topiary form. It also helps to refresh the top couple of inches of soil each spring, being careful not to hurt the shallow roots. Dark green, highly aromatic foliage is valued as a flavorful culinary seasoning. But, if you cook with whole bay leaf, be sure to remove it before eating the food. Indoors, situate the plant in a very bright window, or provide supplemental light with a full-spectrum bulb. It’s slightly tender when young and benefits from shelter and protection in winter. Willow-leaf bay. Re-pot as necessary, when the roots start to come out the bottom of the pot. Feed container-grown bay in the spring and maybe again mid-summer, using a balanced organic fertilizer like fish emulsion and kelp. Sign up today! It is an upright, hardy evergreen tree with deep green, aromatic foliage. Habit: Laurus nobilis 'Aurea' grows to be a large densely branching shrub or eventually a small tree in many years. Although your bay tree will probably go dormant and drop a few leaves, you do not want its soil to remain dry for extended periods. Its growth habit is slow and vertical with dense foliage covering a naturally rounded head. Rate of Growth: Slow to moderate. Bay seems to grow best when it's a little cramped in its pot, even to the point of roots starting to poke out the bottom. Best known as a seasoning, bay laurel is an evergreen shrub or tree that is native to the Mediterranean area. Taking the whole, intact leaf by mouth is LIKELY UNSAFE.The leaf can't be digested, so it remains intact while passing through the digestive … The Complete Book of Herbs. Also be sure to choose a place that is protected from potential wind. Bay, Laurus nobilis is one of the oldest shrubs in cultivation, introduced at least as early as 1650. A plant of much renown and lore, bay is an essential culinary herb with a long history. You can begin harvesting leaves when your tree is several feet tall, but you can always use the pruned leaves in the meantime. To keep its size in check, use a small container. The dark green leaves are very fragrant, especially when dried. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. As a seasoning, dried leaves are broken or crumbled into cooking foods and allowed to permeate the dish. Aromatic evergreen foliage can be used as a savory culinary seasoning. Starting from seed is tricky, as bay seeds can take months to germinate under specific conditions. Scientific: Laurus nobilis Common: laurel bay, sweet bay Family: Lauraceae Origin: Mediterranean region Pronounciation: La-U-rus NO-blis Hardiness zones Sunset 5-9, 12-24 USDA 8-11. The dark green leaves are very fragrant, especially when dried. Just make sure it has a broad enough base to prevent the tree from toppling over in the wind. Leaves of the bay tree have many culinary uses. It has the attributes of Laurus nobilis but is smaller with a more open habit and larger more rounded and lighter colored leaves. Bay is also well suited to container culture. Pruning is usually done in the spring, as new growth is just beginning. Frequent pruning will mean fewer flowers and berries. Plant your bay tree at the same depth as it was planted in its original pot. Growing Sweet Bay Plants (Laurus nobilis) Sweet Bay (Laurus nobilis) reaches a height of 40 feet in its native Mediterranean reqion.However, Bay trees are slow growers and if grown in containers, they can be kept to a very manageable size with only a small amount of clipping. The Latin name, Laurus nobilis, means praise and nobility. Can be clipped into a formal hedge or topiary form. More, David. The leaves dont soften much in cooking and are removed before eat… Water it regularly but always allow the soil to dry out between waterings, so the roots don’t rot. Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, 20 Best Tall Plants for Container Gardens, How to Grow and Care for the Yesterday-Today-and-Tomorrow Plants, How to Grow and Care for the Autograph Tree. Hokwerda H, Bos R, Tattje DH, Malingre TM. 9000 SE Division, Portland, OR 97266. This tree is not too particular about soil type, but it must be well-draining. Leaves are glossy and oval in shape and hang from red-brown branches. If your bay tree is in a pot, use a good-quality, fast-draining potting soil. Bay can be trimmed and shaped and is often seen in formal and herb gardens where it is confined with annual shaping; it is also often grown in large pots as a specimen. Laurus nobilis ‘Angustifolia’ (Narrow Leafed Bay) It has exactly the same habit as the standard Bay Tree (Laurus nobilis) but its narrower leaves mean that when clipped (as … Pests and Diseases: Bay is generally not bothered by many problems. Propagation by stem cuttings is also possible, but they may take a very long time to root. angustifolia and Laurus azorica. Bay leaf and bay leaf oil is LIKELY SAFE for most people in food amounts. Laurus nobilis ‘Aureus’ – This type has dark green leaves that start out as lime green when young. Culture: Evergreen in zones 8 and up, bay is considered somewhat tender in the Portland area. The leaves produce the best flavor if the plant is given full sun for a portion of the year. 99. If your tree does show signs of die-back in the spring, prune the stem down to below the damage and new growth should fill in. Laurus nobilis (Sweet Bay) - Sweet Bay is a moderately slow growing dense evergreen shrub or small tree that reaches 10'-25' tall and almost as wide with very aromatic elliptical 3 to 5 inch long leathery dark green leaves. In its native habitat, the slow-growing tree can reach heights of 40 feet or more, but home-grown bay usually remains much smaller. This particular species of Laurel boasts an aromatic fragrance and glossy dark green leaves. However it is slow-growing and may take several years to reach the desired height.